Fibromyalgia Syndrome is defined as pain in the muscles and fibrous connective tissue. Primary fibromyalgia occurs independently of other disorders. Secondary fibromyalgia may occur following trauma, repetitive motion, various rheumatic diseases or viruses. Symptoms include musculoskeletal pain, stiffness, fatigue, variation of symptoms on a daily basis, remissions and exacerbations, and mood disturbances (i.e. anxiety, panic, anger, depression, irritability or frustration). These symptoms are aggravated with cold or humid environments, stress, anxiety, inactivity, fatigue, poor nutrition or poor sleeping habits.
Physical therapy treatment for Fibromyalgia includes manual therapy techniques, heat, cold, trigger point dry needling, cold laser, TENS, and exercise. Water exercise, yoga, stretching, and walking are also effective management tools.