Physical therapy for headaches is based upon identifying and treating the musculoskeletal dysfunctions that may be responsible for causing headaches. Treatment includes manual techniques to the structures that are dysfunctional, in order to decreased pain and headaches. The therapist helps the patient identify and change daily habits and behaviors that may be aggravating the condition. Instruction with individually tailored exercises is an integral part of treatment.
Modalities such as ice, heat, exercise and trigger point dry needling may also be used as an adjunct to treatment. Furthermore, biofeedback and neuromuscular retraining may be used to address muscle over-activity.